Electoral Reforms: Meaning and Requirement in India – SSC Exams

Electoral Reforms: Know its meaning and why it is required in India?


By the name itself, electoral reforms refer to the development in the election processes going on in India. It can also be referred to the time when the reform began. Reformation is done with the aim of facilitating better democracy, clean politics, ideal members of legislative houses, equality of representation and so on.

The electoral reforms are necessary for upholding the aspirations of our ancestors, to accomplish the ideals of our constitution and to have a true democracy. It is the introduction of the best policy for a better democracy.

Articles 324-329 of Indian Constitution deal with the elections and electoral reforms.

What does Electoral Reform do?

The main focus of the reform is on making a better democracy. It works on broadening the core meaning of democracy, making it more citizen-friendly, implementation of more adult suffrage in the letter as well as print.

What are the aspects of Electoral Reforms?
  • Transparency about the candidate’s background.
  • Releasing the election from the muscle and money power.
  • Prohibiting the nexus between business and politics.
  • Maintaining the secrecy of voters.
  • Non-partisan role of media.
  • Applying the model code of conduct.
  • Expediting the election processes.
Why are they required?

Elections should reflect the situation of the day rather than imposed on contemporary society.

  • Prohibition of criminalization of politics.
  • Stop the misuse of the government’s machinery.
  • To enhance the trust in the eyes of voters.
  • To promote the neutral election, free from any biases for any political party.
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