Gyan Series – 10 Facts about the first lady PM of India, Indira Gandhi

GYAN-SERIES

10 things you need to know about Indira Gandhi


Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi or Indira Gandhi that she was generally known by the nation was the first lady Prime Minister of India. She was also known as the Iron lady of India. She is an inspiration to millions of Indian women. She was known for her steely determination.

Here are 10 important facts about her that you need to know:

1. She was the only Child of India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and she was born on November 17, 1917.

2. She did her schooling from Swiss Schools and at Somerville College, Oxford.

3. Notably, Indira Gandhi was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress in the year 1960. After the abrupt death of Lal Bahadur Shastri’s death in 1966, she succeeded him as the Prime Minister.

4. During the first term as PM, she nationalised 14 banks.

5. Interestingly, she is the second largest serving Prime Minister of India after her father. In the year 1975, she was convicted of an election offence and she was barred from politics for 6 years, she imposed emergency.

6. She went to war with Pakistan in the year 1971. It resulted in an Indian victory and the creation of Bangladesh. She was known for her quick decision and strong will power.

7. She was brutally assassinated by her bodyguards in the year 1984. Her death had created havoc in the country. It also led to the 1984 Sikh riots.

8. During her working tenure, she took some bold decisions such as – Nationalisation of Banks, 1971 War, The Emergency ( 1975- 1977), and Operation Blue Star 1984.

9. She got married in the year 1942 to Feroze Gandhi, a fellow member of the party. The couple had two children, Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi.

10. During her working tenure, she also implemented some unpopular policies one of them was sterilization as a form of birth control.

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