History & Facts about Indian Constitution- Notes for SSC Exams

Everything you need to know about Indian Constitution

As we know India has one of the largest constitutions in the whole world, it has its salient features which make it unique. Though borrowed from almost every constitution in the world, it is very important for a student to get the fact clear before appearing any competitive examination.

The constitution is a set of laws and rules which describes the function of the government and state. It also depicts the relation between the different institution and components of government, the executives, the legislature, the judiciary, the central and the local government.

Many times the Indian Constitution has been criticized for being copied or borrowed from different sources and it is often said that it is just a paper and scissor work.

“As to the accusation that the draft constitution has reproduced a good part of the provisions of the Government of India Act, 1935, I make no apologies. There is nothing to be ashamed of in borrowing. It involves no plagiarism; nobody holds any patent rights in the fundamental ideas of a Constitution… “– as said by the chairman of the drafting committee, Dr. Ambedkar.

Now let us know about some borrowed features of Indian Constitution –

Government of India Act of 1935

–          Federal Scheme

–          Office of Governor

–          Judiciary

–          Public Service of Commissions

–          Emergency Provisions

–          Administrative Details

Britain

–          Parliamentary Government

–          Rule of Law

–          Legislative Procedure

–          Single Citizenship

–          Cabinet System

–          Prerogative Writs

–          Parliamentary Privileges

–          Bicameralism

Ireland

–          Directive Principles of State Policy

–          The nomination of Members to Rajya Sabha

–          Method of Election of President

United States of America

–          Impeachment of the President

–          Functions of President and Vice-President

–          Removal of the Supreme Court and High Court Judges

–          Fundamental Rights

–          Judicial Review

–          Independence of Judiciary

–          The preamble of the Constitution

Canada

–          Federation with a strong Centre

–          Vesting of residuary powers in the center

–          Appointment of state governors by the Centre

–          Advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court

Australia

–          Concurrent List

–          Freedom of Trade

–          Commerce and intercourse

–          The joint sitting of the two houses of the Parliament

Soviet Constitution

–          Fundamental duties

–          The idea of justice

France

–          The ideals of the Republic in the Preamble

–          The ideals of liberty in the preamble

–          The ideals of equality in the preamble

Weimar constitution of Germany

–          Suspension of Fundamental rights during emergency

South African Constitution

–          Procedure for the amendment of the constitution

–          Election of members of Rajya Sabha

Japan

–          Concept of ‘procedure established by Law’

Conclusion

The one factor that can contribute to the Constitution’s length is the factor that it has been drawn from various sources. It has been said that the constituent assembly has taken the provisions keeping in mind India’s diversity.

 

 

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