History of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre: Important Facts
The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre is one of the instances that reflected the inhuman act in the British Rule. It is also called the Massacre of Amritsar and is a dark, landmark event of Indian History. If you are preparing for competitive exams like SSC CGL, CHSL, UPSC etc, then you definitely need to learn about the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
The Jallianwala Bagh is located in Amritsar, Punjab.
On 13 April 1919, at Jallinwala Bagh, people gathered in a large number to celebrate the festival of Vaisakhi and to present their distress on the arrest and deportation of the National leaders, Satya Pal, and Dr Saifuddin Kitchlew. The British Government announced open fire in the area leading to hundreds of deaths. This incident is perhaps one of the darkest incidences of Indian History.
The Jallianwala Bagh is an open space with only one entrance. During the period, public meetings were banned, and since it was a protest against the British government’s Rowlatt Act, General Dyer ordered to open fire in the park without any considerable warning. He ordered to close the only entry for the park and further recklessly fired in the park. Within 10 minutes, as mentioned in records by Congress leaders present in the proceeding, a few hundreds were killed and more than a thousand were wounded.
Impact of Jallianwala Bagh Incident
This gathering was to express the widespread discontent in the Indian masses against the British colonial rule. The arrest of Satya Pal and Saifuddin Kitchlew, two prominent leaders lead to widespread unrest and to express it, they organized a public gathering at Jallianwala Bagh. The response of the British Government to the meeting further agitated the masses. This incident led to a mass agitation for a boycott of British rule and you attain freedom. The Non – Cooperation Movement was the result of this Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
The imprints of blood are still there in the park. The signs of bullets and gunshots can still be seen on the walls of the park. On 13th April 2019 only, the incident completed its 100 years. British rule was always suppressing Indians but the Jallianwala Bagh Incident was threatening. It was certainly revoking the masses. The Jallianwala Bagh is now declared as a National Monument
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