Indus Civilization VS Vedic Civilization: Lets us Understand the difference in their way of living
Indus Civilization VS Vedic Civilization. How did they use to live? What was the main difference in their way of living? Let us do a Comparative Study.
Where the Aryans, lived with the plasticity of mind, making life vibrant, the Indus life looks more like a stylized puppet show. The important aspects of both the civilizations stated below will help us to draw a fine line of comparison between both the civilizations.
Overview of Indus Life –
The seals of the Indus Valley show that the pictographs remained static. Harrapans used a script, which remains undeciphered to date in spite of many claims.
The Indus Valley people reached a blind alley towards the challenges of adaptability. The Indus civilization declined by 2000 B.C
Archaeology is the only source of our knowledge of the Harappa civilization.
Indus Civilization was a city civilization of a highly developed type.
Harappans were not only peace-loving city-dwellers but also good planners as is evident by grid pattern towns, elaborate drainage system, street lights, kelp-burnt brick houses, fortifications, granaries, baths, and wells.
The Harrapan culture is located in the Indus Valley and western India and its urbanization were based on a chalcolithic system with the absence of iron.
The expansion of the Harappan system was neither ‘colonization’ nor was it ‘political expansion’ of any form. It was inspired by the expansion in terms of the permeation of the socio-economic and socio-cultural systems of Harappan society
The focal centers of the Harappan culture remained for a long time in the twin cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro and it is from these centers that Harappan culture budded off
The Harappan society had a very complex social stratification, division of labor and multiplicity of crafts and industries. Also, the Harappan society had great importance of the Priestly class as the central authority.
The Harappan believed in the cults of Sakti (mother Goddess) and worshipped Pasupati (Proto-Shiva) of animal-tree and stone worship and of Phallus and Yoni, i.e. fertility cult. Also, the Harappans reserved their veneration for bulls.
Harappans buried their dead.
Understanding Vedic Life –
The language of Aryans in the Rig Veda at places not only rises to musical levels but also the success of the Aryan writings reveals the ability of the Aryan mind to grasp the multiple dimensions of human life.
Adaptability to challenges is the hallmark of any youthful civilization. The Aryan Civilization was full of creative dynamism.
The Information concerning the Vedic Aryans depends entirely on literary texts which were handed down by the oral tradition.
The Aryans were unfamiliar to the city life
The Aryans were not city builders. They were nomad-pastoralists and was dominated by warlike stock-breeding (they practiced a little agriculture) and migrations
The later Vedic society owes its gradual urbanization to iron technology, the widespread domestication of the horse and the extension and intensification of plough agriculture.
The Aryan was no doubt facilitated by their horse chariots and effective weapons and can be viewed as ‘colonisation’ or ‘political expansion’.
The focus of attention of the Rig Veda was Punjab and in the later Vedic period it shifted to the Doab of the Ganges and Jamuna rivers.
The Aryans were organized into a social organization which may be described as ‘tribal’ or rural’.Here it was not the priests and the merchants (Vaishyas) but the Priests and the Kshatriya who constituted the rule in elite (though with a tendency to rivalry).
The Female deities played a minor part in Vedic religion through the Aryans provided spouses to their gods by later Vedic times. Importance of lord Siva increased in the later Vedas. The Aryans believed in most of the forces of nature and prayed to them as Indra, Varuna, Agni, Mitra, Rudra, Soma, Surya, and Asvins. Vedic Aryans worshipped the cow
The Aryans largely cremated their dead.
The Aryans were youthful enough to be receptive, adaptive and assimilative, transforming themselves into a comprehensive civilization which in due course of time became essentially composite in character.
The Aryans were anionic
Instead of the differences in socio-economic matrices between the two civilizations, we also witness few similarities in both the civilizations such as –
Game of dice was popular past time with both the civilizations.
Playing music, singing and dancing were also common to both.
The fire of sacrificial cult was familiar to both.
Ascetic practices were known to both.
Both the civilization had the institutions of slavery and prostitution.