All you need to know about 11 Major Sea Ports in India
What is Sea Port?
A seaport is that location on the coast where ships can dock. It contains one or more harbours and is often used to transfer people and cargoes through the sea route. Wadi Al jarf on the Red Sea is among the oldest ports in the world. Let’s take a look at the Major Sea Ports of India.
India has the biggest peninsula in the world with the coastline of more than 7000 Km. In this region, there are 13 Major Sea Ports (we will be discussing 11) located in the city on Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Daman and Diu, Andhra Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar Island, Kerala, Karnataka, West Bengal, Lakshadweep, Puducherry and Goa. The shipping ministry of central government looks after these major ports. Also, there are 200 – non – major and intermediate ports under the ministry of the respective states.
Major Seaports of India
Moving from left to right on the coastline, following are the major ports of India-
1. Kandla Port (Gujarat)
Kandal Port located on the Gulf of Kutch, in Kutch District of Gujarat. The major exports products are grains, salt and textiles. The major imports are petroleum, chemicals and iron ore.
2. Mumbai Port (Mumbai)
Mumbai port is on the west coast of India on the west line of city’s mainland. It is the largest port of India with Natural deep water harbour. It handles the cargo traffic, liquid chemicals and petroleum products.
3. Nhava Sheva/ Jawaharlal Nehru Port (Maharashtra)
Nhava Sheva, in the Konkan region, is the king of ports in the Arabian Sea as it caters the larger part of container and domestic cargoes traffic. The major export products include textiles, carpets, boneless meat, heavy machinery, oils and chemicals. It is India’s largest container port. This port was selected for Cruise Tourism of India.
4. Marmagao Port (Goa)
Maramagao pot is the natural harbour located in the South of Goa. It is one of the leading attractions of Goa and is one of the earliest modern ports of India. It is the leading exporter of iron ores and raw materials in India.
5. New Mangalore Port (Karnataka)
This port is located on the southern tip of Karnataka. It exports products like granite stone, manganese, coffee, cashews and imports LPG, timber, cargo containers etc.
6. Cochin Port (Kerala)
Cochin port is among the major ports in the Arabian Sea and Indian ocean routes, located o two islands, Willingdon and Vallarpadam. It is India’s largest container of transhipment facility.
7. Tuticorin Port (Tamil Nadu)
It is an artificial deep-sea harbour and the largest container terminal of India. It is an all-weather port receiving larger part of international traffic. The port is the best for Maritime trade and pearl fishery.
8. Chennai Port
Chennai port is among the largest ports of the Bay of Bengal, the hub for the cargo traffic, cars and big containers on the west coast. It is surrounded by lighthouses and has intra – port connectivity.
9. Ennore Port (Chennai)
Ennore Port is India’s first corporate port. This port is located in Chennai, meant to filter the traffic of Chennai port.
10. Paradip Port (Odisha)
It is an important port of Eastern Shore located in Odisha. Paradip is a deepwater port. It looks after the transport of dry cargoes like coal and iron ore. It has the national highway and railway system connected improving its connectivity with the country.
11. Haldia Port (West Bengal)
The Haldia port is located on the bank of Hooghly River and is also called Calcutta Port. It is the base of Indian Coast Guard and the centre for trade in Calcutta. It receives cargoes of petrochemicals, oils and chemicals.
India has the biggest peninsular and has various ports located on the coastline of 7500 Km. These ports are the major hubs for export and import material. There are 13 major ports in India. We have discussed the most important ones. Wadi Al jarf on the red Sea is among the oldest ports in the world.